Calendar Months and Weekdays Name; Where Did They Come From?

Ever wonder what did the months and weekdays name actually meant? Ever thought that they weren't just created just like that but have history.

Let's talk about the months name first.

1. January

This name is from Roman's god "janus" who was called the god of doors  and represented the beginning.In museums is often portrayed with two faces depicting it's ability to see both the past and the future.

 

2. February

Romans held a festival named "Februa" which is also called as Februatio; in this festival people cleaned their houses and buildings. Similarly a Roman god was also named Februus.

 

3. March

Derived from Mars which is not the planet but another god of war.

 

4. April

From the Latin word "Aperit" that means to open. As spring season approaches in April, this month represented an opening of growing season and change.

 

5. May

From another Roman god Maia who according to Roman mythology was the mother of Mercury and daughter of Atlas (another Roman god). Maia was attributed as the controller of plants that appeared in spring time.

 

6. June

Another Roman god named "Juno" is the reason for this month's name. This god was married to another Roman god named Jupiter.

 

7. July

Probably the first month which is not named after a Roman god. July is named after Julius Caesar who was a Roman ruler. Do you know Caesarean operation is also named after Julius Caesar as he was born this way?

 

8. August

Also named after another Roman ruler named Augustus Caesar.

 

9. September

Derived from Latin word Septem that meant 7th. The months in modern calendar have been rearranged. In the ancient calendars, September used to be the 7th month.

 

10. October

Also from Latin word "Octem" that meant 8th. It used to be originally the 8th month, not the 10th month.

 

11. November

From Latin word "Novem" meaning 9th. It used to be the 9th month then as we have September now.

 

12. December

From Latin word 'Decem" meaning 10th. (Remember decimal?). It used to be the 10th month on their calendars.

 

Weekdays name:

 

Saturday

Derived from Roman's god named "Saturn" hence Saturday means"Saturn's day". Saturn was the Roman and Italic god of agriculture and is attributed to have ruled the earth during an age of happiness and virtue.

Sunday

Derived from "Sun's day" and has it's origin from pagan/sun cultures.

Monday

The moon's day originally.

Tuesday

Named after Norse god of war named "Tyr" . Amongst Latin, it represented Mars; who was their god of war. In old English it was named Tiw's (tiu's) day; Tiu being English and German's god of war too.

Wednesday

From "Woden" who was also a god amongst Anglo-saxons. He was the leader of wild hunt and signified extreme violently insane.

Thursday

From Norse god of thunder named "Thor".

Friday

From "Freya" who was Teutonic goddess of love and beauty.

 

 

Written by Dr. Muhammad Wasif Haq, Karachi, Pakistan.

 

 

 

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